Front-end CSS

The default Form Template used by Formie uses custom CSS when rendering the form. This is to provide out-of-the-box functionality and style for forms, so you don't need to worry about how to style a form.

Styles are somewhat opinionated however, and as developers, you may very well want to personalize them to the particular site, or edit them.

Most, if not all classes are prefixed by fui- (Formie UI) to allow easy namespacing. The default CSS is rendered alongside the form in the <head> of the page, and is split into two parts:

Base CSS

The base CSS for a form is extremely minimal, with just a few rules. These are mostly for easy layout using flexbox. The gzipped size of this file is roughly 0.2kb.

Theme CSS

The theme CSS is a set of opinionated styles meant to provide sane defaults for forms. The goal of this theme CSS is to be hands-off with the styling of the form, but still output an attractive, accessible and functional form. For some cases this will be suitable as a default. The gzipped size of this file is roughly 2.6kb.

Disabling CSS

To disable all CSS from being output, create a new Form Template and turn off Output CSS, Output Theme, or both. Ensure your form uses this new template.

Render Location

By default, Formie will render a single CSS file in the <head> tag. You can choose to either render it Inside Form, or Manual - Manual essentially disabling rendering.

Manual Render

You can select exactly where you'd like the CSS for forms to be output on the page, using craft.formie.renderFormCss()

{{ craft.formie.renderFormCss('myForm') }}

<div class="form-wrap">
    {{ craft.formie.renderForm('myForm') }}

You could also use a Form object instead of the handle.

{% set form = craft.formie.forms({ handle: 'myForm' }).one() %}

{{ craft.formie.renderFormCss(form) }}

<div class="form-wrap">
    {{ craft.formie.renderForm(form) }}

Here, we have split the rendering of the form to firstly the CSS, then the HTML for the form.

CSS Variables

Rather than ditching the entire theme CSS, or overriding through your own CSS definitions, you can use CSS Variables (opens new window) to override just what you require. For almost every opinionated style, Formie has a CSS Variable for you to use.

For a full list of available variables, refer to the CSS Variables (opens new window).

A classic example would be to use the Formie Theme CSS, but change the submit button colour, and some input styles. You could achieve this with the following CSS (either inline or in your own stylesheets).

.fui-btn {
    --fui-btn-font-size: 1rem;
    --fui-btn-padding: 0.375rem 0.75rem;
    --fui-btn-border-radius: 0.25rem;

.fui-submit {
    --fui-submit-btn-bg-color: #dc3545;
    --fui-submit-btn-border-color: #dc3545;
    --fui-submit-btn-bg-color-hover: #bb2d3b;
    --fui-submit-btn-border-color-hover: #b02a37;
    --fui-submit-btn-box-shadow-focus: 0 0 0 0.25rem rgba(225, 83, 97, 0.5);

.fui-select {
    --fui-input-font-size: 16px;
    --fui-input-padding: 0.75rem 1rem;
    --fui-input-border-radius: 6px;

This gives the benefit of relying on the Theme CSS, but giving you full control over theme settings and variables, without needing to override everything with !important to get around specificity rules.

It's also a good idea to use Formie's "global" CSS variables, which can take care of a lot of work for you. As the example above mentions to change the colour of the submit button - however Formie uses this same colour for other things like focus-borders on inputs, the checked state of checkbox/radio inputs, and more.

Instead of overriding each one of these elements, you can set the --fui-primary-color.

.fui-i {
    // Inherit from the site body, like the rest of the site
    --fui-font: 'Helvetica';

    // Setup colours
    --fui-color: #334155;
    --fui-primary-color: #dc3545;
    --fui-primary-color-hover: #bb2d3b;
    --fui-gray-100: #F1F5F9;
    --fui-gray-200: #E2E8F0;
    --fui-gray-300: #CBD5E1;
    --fui-gray-400: #94A3B8;
    --fui-gray-500: #64748B;
    --fui-gray-600: #475569;
    --fui-gray-700: #334155;
    --fui-gray-800: #1E293B;
    --fui-gray-900: #0F172A;

    // Borders
    --fui-border-color: #CBD5E1;
    --fui-border-radius: 4;

    // Focus states
    --fui-focus-border-color: #94A3B8;
    --fui-focus-shadow: 0 0 0 3px #dc3545;

You can also see we're setting a few more global variables, used throughout Formie's CSS, such as gray colours, border radius and border colour. This makes overriding the bulk of styles far easier than setting for each field or component.

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